Truck News


Fuel Efficiency: Fuel misers

CALGARY, Alta. - Although fuel prices have receded a little over the past few months, owner/operators and fleet managers are still scratching for every penny they can find.One popular place to look is...

CALGARY, Alta. – Although fuel prices have receded a little over the past few months, owner/operators and fleet managers are still scratching for every penny they can find.

One popular place to look is to tire manufacturers who can deliver increased fuel efficiency in their products. The tire industry’s top dogs have wasted no time in continually raising the bar.

While some manufacturers have designed tires specifically aimed at delivering maximum fuel efficiency – such as Bandag’s FuelTech and Michelin’s XZA2 – other tire companies are taking a different approach and concentrating on striking the delicate balance between performance and fuel efficiency across their entire line.

Al Cohn, manager of training and technology for Goodyear, says rather than developing a specific fuel miser, the company has concentrated on increasing the fuel efficiency of each of its tires.

“Our philosophy has been to build fuel efficiency into every one of the tires that we produce,” says Cohn. “We felt that, based on all our customers and what they required, that if we could get the maximum mileage, the maximum number of re-treads and have good fuel economy as part of the package, then we’ve got the ultimate system.”

So Goodyear set out to find ways of making its entire line more efficient, and adopted the concept of Enhanced Casing Design (ECD). Goodyear has replaced one of the four wire belts in the tire with polyamide, a non-metallic, nylon-type material that helps cool the tire.

“Cool is good for fuel economy,” stresses Cohn. “With our compounding technology, our design technology and our wire technology, we run the coolest running compounds possible.”

Bridgestone researchers have also been paying special attention to tire casings of late.

“If you create a casing with less rolling resistance, then you tend to get a tire that gives you more fuel efficiency over its entire life, whether it’s re-treaded once or twice,” says Jim Bryce, Bridgestone’s national fleet manager.

He points out casings contribute to about one-third of a tire’s rolling resistance, and consequently, improving the casing was the ideal way to improve fuel efficiency.

“We have redesigned our casing and we’ve tried to make the casing more fuel efficient,” says Bryce. “We have new designs and shapes minimizing rolling resistance without reducing casing durability. By optimizing distribution and stresses in the casing, fuel economy is maximized.”

Bryce says Bridgestone’s philosophy has been, it makes more sense to improve casing design than trying to build a totally fuel-efficient tire.

Even manufacturers who specifically design fuel miser models admit it’s sometimes necessary to compromise other areas in order to fully get the most fuel efficiency out of your rubber.

“With tires, everything is a compromise,” says Don Schauer, Bandag’s manager of fleet communications. “If you maximize fuel mileage, you’re going to give up some wear mileage.”

That’s why he suggests truckers who want the best of both worlds lean toward the company’s FCR Drive tires.

“FCR is probably the best compromise tire out there,” says Schauer. “While it does not have the fuel mileage of the FuelTech, it has substantially more wear mileage.”

But for some fleets, sacrificing wear mileage for fuel mileage is well worthwhile, especially with constantly fluctuating diesel prices.

For those whose number one concern is fuel mileage, Schauer says FuelTech is the way to go.

“With its advanced tread compound called Synergy, it really is a fantastic fuel performance retread,” says Schauer.

Ralph Beaveridge, Michelin’s marketing manager, truck tires, says the company’s test results are showing big bucks can be shaved off a fleet’s operating costs by switching to fuel efficient rubber.

To prove his theory, he points to the results of more than 200 fuel tests conducted in North America using Michelin’s XZA2.

“The results were conclusively anywhere from 3.5 per cent to 12.5 per cent fuel improvement,” says Beaveridge. “That becomes very lucrative to a fleet that spends a couple million dollars a year in fuel.”

He says large fleets have been among the first to take a serious look at equipping their rigs with the latest in fuel-efficient tires.

“The big fleets are looking at the dollar signs and licking their chops,” says Beaveridge.

But he admits that not everyone has been quick to grasp the latest technology.

“The fleets that we did the testing with were absolutely 100 per cent sold on the ability of these tires to save them fuel,” says Beaveridge. “The fleets that we didn’t do the testing with were very skeptical.”

However, Beaveridge thinks as fuel prices rise, more truck owners will take a serious look.

Another big player in the tire industry is Yokohama. Like its competitors, Yokohama has been improving casing design and, as a result, its customers are enjoying better fuel mileage.

“On average, we’re dealing with about a four per cent improvement in rolling resistance,” says Greg Cressman, Yokohama’s deputy director of technical services.

Tread design and the rubber compound have also improved in recent years, and the company boasts the best of all areas in its latest steer axle tire, the Y637. While Yokohama’s customers appreciate the better fuel mileage, Cressman says fuel efficiency often isn’t their top priority.

“If it has got good fuel economy characteristics, so much the better,” says Cressman, noting it’s important not to compromise other performance requirements.

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